Education Charter International

Official Invitation received from United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime to attend as observer organization in upcoming NGO Briefing Implementation Review Group
05/09/2012, 4:34 pm
Filed under: World

Official Invitation received from United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime to attend as observer organization in upcoming NGO Briefing Implementation Review Group of UNCAC, 18-22 June 2012, CCLP Worldwide will be sending its delegation to participate the said meeting.


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The United Nations is greatly about these issues and is good for our organization, feel, and cooperate, in accordance with their commitments:There are certain parameters to be divided into different levels of crime and the basic level would consist of between 3 and 9 components, the low level between 10 and 24, the average between 25 and 49 people, the highest level between 50 and 99 and the level higher real mafia groups “pata negra” whose ranks the feed over 100 people. Of the latter and dangerous societies researchers estimate that for our country move in around 25 and the feed Colombians, ethnic Albanians and Moroccans.Taking as its starting point the above criteria, experts say that 35 percent of foreign networks installed in the main cities are basic level, 30 percent low, and the rest are included within the considerable medium, high or higher. Those of the lower rungs tend to act in a particular territorial demarcation, but police pressure may push to expand its scope. The Colombians feared that sowed terror in Spain and raids on jewelers booths rasarían the middle stages, despite its violence. In a pyramid dummy, organized crime would hide at the top, below the specialized and would be great would occupy a common basis. This is the police theory, but in everyday reality across the border frequently. It is increasingly common unmask groups whose members after level jump and mixed. An example would be “aluniceros” locals who have been making deals with groups of ethnic Albanians engaged in theft and smuggling of high-powered vehicles, or gypsies who leave the petty crime and placed in drug gangs, the Colombian or Turkish orders.
Fundamental characteristics.
Functional organization, each member has a specific mission.
Permanence, formed by a number of people missing one is immediately replaced.
Hierarchy, one or two heads, and seniority hierarchy.
Division of labor, each member has his job, and you do not do the work of another, except in cases requiring immediate action.
Professionalism of its members, especially in crime in the Balkans, often retired military drive from their hosts, and the use of professionals to open safes, etc …Unlawful purpose to which he looks very high financial gains, the constitution of crimes that take you to enter large amounts of money.
Characteristics of organized crime today.
Using international trade networks, theft of objects has a European and global trade networks to distribute.
Utilization of the free market, the opening of European borders gives them a wider scope.
Expansion of activities in other geographical areas, trying to integrate criminal activities in an area not previously had. Interaction with other national and international organizations join some other, benefiting both, for the use of crime. Reinvestment of profits, the former “barter” exchange for a criminal action to benefit others, for example, a band that steals luxury cars, to trade for drugs.
Criminal types.
Relations between crimes.
Organized crime is advancing social activity in their ways. Society is changing much faster than the laws, so the crime is always one step ahead of the Police Forces.

Most frequent activities.
Terrorism. Drug-trafficking .Trafficking in women. Smuggling illegal immigrants. Theft, robbery and illegal vehicles -Illegal use of credit cards. -Counterfeiters of money.-Theft of banks.-Fraud estate.-Financial Fraud.-Smuggling of goods.-Piracy.Illegal-game.-Smuggling petrol, animals and plants.-Collection of bad checks.-Trafficking in Conventional Arms.-Laundering of the proceeds of any crime.-Corruption commission sales contracts and the state.-Forging and counterfeiting of false identities.-Kidnapping and theft of children for purposes of begging.
Gang persecuted in the past two years, more than half were engaged in drug trafficking, illegal immigration, prostitution and money laundering, 287 groups in total.
Geographic areas frequented by ORGANIZATIONS.

The geographical areas most frequented organizations were identified in Spain Costa del Sol and the rest of Andalusia, the Costa Blanca, Costa Brava, Galicia, Cantabria and Zaragoza. However, the preferred settlement sites for the same concentrated in the cities of Barcelona, Valencia, Madrid, La Coruna and Malaga. By region, crime increased last year in Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands and Madrid, the rest was a general decline.
PROBLEM: The fight against organized crime is one of the major new challenges for the international community. According to United Nations estimates, among other transactions related to transnational organized crime annually amounts to hundreds of billions of dollars. Besides the almost classic illicit drug trafficking, money laundering, smuggling of migrants and trafficking, arms trade and smuggling of vehicles and valuables are also fields of communication technologies have emerged in the early twenty-first new technical possibilities of committing economic crimes and other measures. This is the so-called cyber crime, high-tech crime or crime in cyberspace. Organized crime is in danger to the security and stability. The most affected are, especially, the new states that are on the road to democracy.The European Union is strongly committed to the fight against organized crime since the mid-nineties. The agreement on cooperation on justice and home affairs, concluded after the Treaty of Amsterdam (1997) has also improved the chances of coordinating actions against organized crime. In the extraordinary European Council in Tampere in October 1999 to combat crime in the Union was one of the main themes of the decisions to create an area of freedom, security and justice. With the document “Prevention and control of organized crime, European Union Strategy for the new millennium”, prepared under the Finnish Presidency, which includes the decisions taken at Tampere, the original action plan of 1997 was amended and updated according to the new conditions. The European Police Office (Europol), based in The Hague, is the headquarters for the exchange of information between Member States and for the analysis of crime. Its function is to collect, analyze, and transmit various information to facilitate investigations by national authorities in combating serious forms of international crime. The powers of Europol were extended in November 2002: since then, Europol may be part of joint research groups of Member States and to request individual Member States to initiate investigations. In February 2002 the European unit was created to strengthen the fight against serious crime (Eurojust), which is responsible for coordinating cooperation between the European prosecutor. The EU also encourages regional cooperation among police and judicial systems of neighboring countries through special programs such as the CARDS program for the Balkans. Speaking of useful legal instruments in the fight against organized crime I come from among the many possible approaches to a simple but effective classification, which leads me to distinguish between internal instruments (regulated by our laws) and external instruments (international standards make possible the political and legal cooperation). Not that the case of isolated worlds, but are completely interrelated and indeed, some instruments are truly effective when applied simultaneously in several countries (controlled deliveries, videoconferencing, joint investigation teams, financial intelligence units, etc … ) against criminal gangs.The international community has important agreements in force against drug trafficking and money laundering, including the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances A988. And in 1998, the General Assembly of the United Nations held a special session on drugs, which adopted new strategies to eradicate both supply and demand of illicit drugs. So far it has lacked a powerful international instrument to combat all forms of transnational organized crime and its three protocols to combat illicit trafficking in firearms and human trafficking and migrant smuggling. The treaty has two main objectives. One is to eliminate differences among national legal systems in the past have blocked mutual assistance. The second is to establish standards for domestic laws so that they can effectively combat organized crime.Confiscate property derived and suppress money laundering are measures to combat organized crime and the protection of witnesses.To combat organized crime, create a new type of mentality, which he understands and is capable of putting up organized resistance.
The Government will reform the Anticorruption Prosecutor and provide itself with greater powers to combat more effectively to international networks of organized crime. The state attorney general, announced the implementation of measures to tackle the penetration of powerful criminal mafias coming mainly from Eastern Europe and Latin America, gangs that do not shrink, but they go.
Just create an “Anti-Corruption and Anti-Mafia Prosecutor” to investigate economic crimes of extreme complexity, which has attracted admiration in other European countries. So think it should be the tip of the spear in the fight against the mafias.The attorney general believes that the fight against organized crime should not grant any advantage to the offender. So announced that promote the design of a legal procedure that guarantees the reservation at the time of initiation of investigations for very serious crimes. Currently, the law provides that any opening of a preliminary investigation should be communicated to the investigation, representing a significant decline in effectiveness of the Public Ministry.
We have to keep on cooperation, and fighting every day, although in Spain, there were hard blows to organized crime, we must persevere, and our struggle seguir democrática and adjusted to law, and win the press to crime in all its demonstrations.
Jenaro Rosemary

Comment by Jenaro Rosemary Shepherd

COMBATING TERRORISM FINANCIAL AND / OR FINANCIAL CRIMEIntroductionTerrorism Finance and Economic and Financial Crime, is the branch of conventional crime more important today, as it acts as the backbone that supports the whole network and complex world of crime, both at common national as international organized. In a context of increasingly globalized world, it is essential fiscal analysis of the growing number of operations, be they national or international than in generating crime involving more than one tax jurisdiction. Thus, such operations carried out by individuals or corporations, not only fall under the fiscal sovereignty of each country but also from other states, so it will be necessary to resort to international tax rules. Adequate knowledge and analysis will settle what should be the taxation of such operations performed in a transnational environment.ObjectivesThe Prevention and Combating Financial Terrorism and Economic and Financial Crime, whose mission is to guide the knowledge to prevent the money from any kind of criminal involvement (an offense punishable) enter the system financial officer. Following in the same order, another key objective is to light first society, and governments responsible, and prosecutors in the fight against organized crime and terrorism, and policy makers of the importance of fighting alongside prosecutors and office Crime of the United Nations of the importance of this kind of crime has on national security systems both internally and externally and its relationship with major international guidelines, the very legislative activity of the European Union and laws of other countries , on prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing, which though different fields, are mainly the most linked to this type of crime, so it is a matter of knowledge required and the need to discover where negotiations suspected wrongfulness of capital involved, and how to act legally. And educate those responsible for Economic Crimes Prevention of financial institutions in all matters related to current regulations, and training managers or officers of regulatory agencies in the task of organizing their regular inspection, and ensure suspicions of corruption in political suspicions putting financial and / or evidence and suspicions available for the prosecution.And, in particular to:• Responsible for Financial Intelligence Units;• Departments of Prevention of Money Laundering of financial institutions;• Heads of Banking Supervision;• Officials of the Treasury;• Government officials and the Treasury;• Business Managers Money Transmitters;• Managers of Jewellery;• Heads of Security Casinos;• Real Estate Agents and Builders, Insurance Companies;• Financial Intermediaries;• Companies and Brokers;• Detectives and criminologists;• Legal Professionals;• Lawyers and Attorneys;• Notaries Public and reliable;• Registrars of Directors;• Economists and Financial Advisors;• Brokers;• Estate Investment Company;• Financial Auditors and Accountants, among others.• The International Monetary Fund,• The World Bank, the European Union, United Nations,• The Organization of American States• The Inter-American Development Bank,• Interpol, FATF, CFATF and other …because they have called for the establishment of an international law that covers uniformly the treatment of money laundering, so have given international conventions, recommendations, ethical standards, in order for States to legislate in this regard to address this problem-threat that can affect legitimate interests but are subject to investigation. Therefore the Master not only covers the area of ​​monetary operations of an illegal nature, but also the care that must have money investors and operators of legal provenance.GUIDANCE1. Get all the information qualified professional in international regulation on the important subject of money laundering or “Money Laundering”.2. Knowing the action of state authorities in the discovery of commercial transactions involving the Economic and Financial Crime.3. Acquire the appropriate mechanisms to train staff from related companies operating in the field, with respect to money laundering or “Money Laundering”.4. Analyze the relationship Bank-Client and third parties.5. Clarify your doubts with specialists in anti-money laundering and ask questions.6. Knowing the economic blocs in the world: United Nations, OAS-CICAD, FATF, CFATF, GAFISUD, IMF, World Bank, Interpol, FBI and other law enforcement agencies and international defense.KNOWLEDGE1. Money laundering worldwide, U.S., Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East, Europe and Asia.2. Induction and training of Money Laundering.3. How to detect money laundering through economic scale commercial operations such as buying and selling property and real estate, operating companies of nonbank money and business in general.4. Modern technology for the registration and verification of customers.5. Advantages and benefits of new technologies (Internet) to prevent money laundering.6. The overall Financial Risk linked to money laundering.7. The business of international money transfer as a mechanism for money laundering. Taxpayers money laundering.8. Treatment of public officials (administrative corruption).9. Unjust enrichment. Detection, prosecution and punishment.10. Private Banking duty to audit, review and involvement of suspicious banking activities.11. Correspondent with U.S. banks.12. Case law on money laundering.13. List of the proceeds from money laundering to international terrorism.BEARING IN MIND: A. – BASIC CONCEPTS1. Introduction2. Economic Law3. Economic Criminal Law4. Legal Perspective5. Basics of Economic Crime6. Historical Background7. Features8. Favoring circumstances9. Crimes Against Property and Economic 2. – Legal Issues1. The Spanish Constitution2. Constitutional Economic Model3. Modalities of Transnational Law4. Methods of Economic Crime5. Economic Crime and Narcotics6. Heritage ResearchCRIME AND MONEY LAUNDERING 3. – CORRUPTION1. Corruption2. Integrity and Corruption3. The Cost of Corruption4. The Global Corruption5. Fighting Corruption in the Council of Europe6. The Paris Declaration7. Corruption in the Age of Globalization8. Public Works and Funding of Political Parties9. Corruption and Information Systems10. Anti-Mafia prosecutors (Spain)4. – WHITE COLLAR CRIME1. Introduction2. Forms of Crimes3. The Origin of Crime4. Corporate Crime5. Impact of Crimes6. Victims7. Social reaction to these crimes8. Historical Financial Scandals5. – MONEY LAUNDERING1. Introduction2. Characteristics of Money3. Washing Process4. Washing Affects the Financial System5. Black or Dirty Money6. Companies “Of Shore” and “Trust”7. The FATF 40 Recommendations8. Laundering in Spain9. Private Banking10. Money Laundering in Insurance11. Prosecutors and Money Laundering12. Electronic Money Laundering and13. FATF – GAFI and Money Laundering14. Washing Different Ways15. Prevention of Money16. Laundering and Drug Trafficking17. Laundering and Terrorism18. International Examples19. Police OperationsTAX CRIMES6. – TYPE OF CRIME1. Scams2. Serious Fraud3. Counterfeit Currency4. Credit Cards5. Credit Card Crimes6. Over-indebtedness7. Insurance and Fraud8. Crime of Smuggling9. Influences Traffic10. Abuse and Insider Confidential Information11. Offenses Against Public Administration12. Intellectual Property Crimes13. Financing of Terrorism14. Misappropriation15. Tax Fraud Fraud VAT7. – TAX FRAUD1. Crime Prosecutor2. Tax Evasion3. Fraud “On Line”4. Black economy5. Land Tax Evasion6. Foundations Fraud7. Fraud Prevention Plan8. External Coordination of Tax9. Police Prosecutor10. Cooperation Between “Hacienda” in Other Countries11. Disarticulation International Tax Fraud 8. – TAX HAVENS1. Tax Havens2. Spain and Tax Havens3. Investments From Tax Havens4. Law on Prevention of Money Laundering5. Obligations of Notaries and Registrars of Property6. Causes of Fraudulent Behavior7. Penalty for Tax Fraud8. Transnational Financial and Tax Havens9. Financial manipulation Large Companies10. Laundering of Illicit Origin11. Gescartera and Tax Havens12. List of Tax Havens and Transactions13. Engineering International Tax and Fraud14. Gibraltar in the European Union15. International Corruption16. Other Weapons of Mass Destruction17. Internet Gambling Regulation and Tax Legislation18. Fraud and Other Fluid Power Analog19. The Housing Bubble20. Cybercrime21. Identity Theft “On Line”22. Combating Internet Crime23. The Cado of Brazilian Hackers24. Monitoring in EE. States.25. Criminal Protection of the Financial System26. Prescription and Economic Crime27. Account Lockout Death

Comment by Jenaro Rosemary Shepherd

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